May 27 2010

VESA Issues Internal DisplayPort Standard for Flat Panel TVs


The Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) recently issued the Internal DisplayPort (iDP) interface standard to enhance inside-the-box connectivity for flat panel TVs. Based on the DisplayPort 1.2 standard, iDP is designed to replace Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) by using a simpler and higher-performing connectivity technology.

The VESA iDP standard addresses the connection between a TV controller system-on-chip (SOC) and a TV panel Timing Controller (TCON) within a TV chassis. With only 17 signals, eight differential pairs and one Hot Plug Detect (HPD) signal, the iDP link transports Full HD 240Hz at 10 bits per color, compared to the 96 signal requirement of LVDS. It provides optimizations specific for internal flat panel TV applications, similar to the VESA Embedded DisplayPort (eDP) interface standard used for the internal displays within notebooks and other PC devices.

displayport logoThe standard’s scalability allows iDP to support future design needs. For example, an iDP 1080p 3D implementation requires only two banks of 16 differential pairs and one HPD for 65 signals, compared to the 192 differential pairs that an LVDS implementation would require. iDP also eliminates the many LVDS printed circuit board traces and device pins, reducing system form factor and cost as well as lowering the shielding requirement by reducing electromagnetic interference (EMI). The standard is fully open and royalty-free, allowing for healthy competition among component suppliers, encouraging innovation with manufacturers and reducing costs for consumers.

“Today’s flat panel TV manufacturers are in a constant race to provide better picture quality, more realistic animation, and even 3D video. This continues to push refresh rates higher and has created the need for a new high-speed panel interface standard. VESA’s iDP standard meets that need while also helping control costs,” said VESA Executive Director Bill Lempesis in VESA’s May press release.

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